In-company training quality and role of trainers in dual VET in Peru

The overall objective of the research project is to analyse and identify successful conditions for cooperation between Germany and the "Servicio Nacional de Adiestramiento en Trabajo Industrial" (SENATI) in Peru. The focus here is on in-company training, workplace learning and on-the-job learning and the role of in-company instructors. Although there has been a transfer of dual vocational training models for about 50 years, there is also a research gap: nobody knows exactly how training and learning takes place in companies. Research focuses on coordinated learning venues, the role and function of in-company instructors, the in-company VET culture and the in-company training quality.

The "DualPeru" project is investigating which factors have led to lasting successful cooperation between the VET-provider SENATI and the companies, especially SMEs, in Dual VET –Vocational Education Training in Peru. The dual VET in Peru, which shares many similarities to the one in Germany, has successfully established itself over the past decades. The project will analyse it on the basis of the following key questions: a) Which requirements, functions and roles do the trainers take on, b) how could a cooperative learning venue, in-company training culture and structure of VET providers emerge and c) what key criteria for a successful transfer of a dual training model to Latin America and beyond can be identified on the basis of the situation in Peru?

Theoretical basis: various Work-Based Learning (WBL) approaches (based on Schröder & Dehnbostel 2017)

The “DualPeru” project is concerned with the following research questions:

  1. How is the quality of in-company vocational training to be assessed today?
  2. How is cooperation between learning venues structured?
  3. How is the role of company trainers (monitors) to be assessed and what influence do trainers from the SENATI (known as “instructors” in Peru) or evaluators from SENATI for trainee learning have on the quality of in-company vocational training?
  4. Howis the quality of the training of the trainers to be assessed and how is it to be designed for the future?


A cross-sectional research design is used. Following a document analysis and an exploratory phase, it is planned that further data will be collected from training enterprises in three pilot zones. Quantitative surveys (questionnaire surveys; target figure for n = 500) are planned with the target group of trainers and trainees on site. Research will be conducted on workplace learning, the framework conditions and success factors for in-company learning from the perspective of those directly involved. In addition, guideline interviews (target figure n = 20) with company owners and trainers are planned. In addition, qualitative, semi-structured expert interviews (target figure n = 15) will be conducted with vocational training experts from the industry association, from ministries and with key personnel from regional training centres (group interviews).

For this purpose, the necessary instruments are to be developed in cooperation with the project partner Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia(UPCH) and existing instruments are to be adapted where necessary. In Peru, there is virtually no experience with qualitative research in vocational education and training, which is why cooperation workshops on qualitative methods of social research are being conducted.

Projektdaten und Kontakt


01.06.2019 – 31.03.2022


Funding reference number



Contact persons

Prof. Dr. Dr. hc. Thomas Schroeder


Project management

Prof. Dr. Dr. hc. Thomas Schroeder


Project team members

Dr. Hans Lindemann, MA Enrique Angles


Cooperating institutions (national and international):

  • TU Dortmund, Institute for General Educational Science and Vocational Education
  • Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Facultad de Educación, Lima, Perú
  • Servicio Nacional de Adiestramiento en Trabajo Industrial (SENATI), Department for Human Resources Development