The Research Training Group (RTG) 1876 is funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG). The participating disciplines are Egyptology, Ancient Near Eastern Studies, Near Eastern Archaeology, Classical Philology, Pre- and Protohistorical Archaeology (Pleistocene Archaeology), Classical Archaeology, Medieval German Studies, Byzantine Studies, and Medical History.
The RTG is interested in establishing where and when similar beliefs and concepts originated, whether this happened independently, or if such concepts were transmitted or even exchanged between early cultures, and in how, and why they then changed over time. The time span of the RTG extends from the dawn of history (ca. 100.000 years B.C.E.) to the Middle Ages within an area that comprises the ancient Near East, the Mediterranean, and Europe.