Prof. Dr. Thomas Metzinger

Fellow at the Gutenberg Research College
Director of Theoretical Philosophy (currently on leave)
Professor Ralf Busse is serving as acting head of the professorship.
You are looking for the PPP-website? Philosophy and Predictive Processing
You are looking for the Open MIND-website?
Sie suchen die deutsche Webseite?   Deutsche Seite

Three non-academic essays and an English newspaper article for the listeners of Sam Harris, Tony Sobdrado, and Michael Taft:

You are looking for English material on the ethics of Artificial Intelligence and Virtual Reality?

→ More policy papers by the German Effective Altruism Foundation are here.

And some fun stuff in The New Yorker...

You are looking for recent work on mind wandering?  →  Spontaneous and task-unrelated thought
You are looking for papers on out-of-body experiences?  OBE

E-mail:        <lastname> @
Voicemail:  +49 (0) 6131/39-23279
Fax:            +49 (0) 6131/39-25141

Office hours:

By e-mail appointment.

Postal address:
Philosophisches Seminar | Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz | D-55099 Mainz
Philosophicum, Jakob-Welder-Weg 18, 00-515

Research focus

  • Analytical philosophy of mind
  • Philosophy of cognitive science
  • Philosophical problems of neuroscience
  • Applied ethics (especially for neurotechnology and virtual reality; plus conceptual connections between ethics, anthropology, and philosophy of mind)

Public Understanding of Science (non-academic)











Open Access (Academic)



Print (Academic)


  • Solomon, R., Noel, J.-P., Łukowska, M., Faivre, N., Metzinger, T., Serino, A. & Blanke, O. (2017). Unconscious integration of multisensory bodily inputs in the peripersonal space shapes bodily self-consciousness. Cognition, 166 (September 2017), 174-183.
  • Pliushch, I. & Metzinger T. (2015o). Self-deception and the Dolphin Model of Cognition. In Rocco J. Gennaro (Hrsg.), Disturbed Consciousness. New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Pp. 167-208.
  • Metzinger, T. (2014e). How does the brain encode epistemic reliability? Perceptual presence, phenomenal transparency, and counterfactual richness. Cognitive Neuroscience: doi: 10.1080/17588928.2014.905519
  • Metzinger, T. (2014f). What is the specific significance of dream research for philosophy of mind? In N. Tranquillo (ed.), Dream Consciousness. Allan Hobson’s New Approach to the Brain and Its Mind. Vienna Circle Institute Library 3, (Chapter 22), 161-166. Cham: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-07296-8_22
  • Metzinger, T. (2014h). First-order embodiment, second-order embodiment, third-order embodiment: From spatiotemporal self-location to minimal phenomenal selfhood (Chapter 26). In Lawrence Shapiro (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Embodied Cognition. London: Routledge. Pp. 272-286.