Publications Jan Esper

In Review

175. Anhäuser T, Sirocko F, Greule M, Esper J, Keppler F (in review) Stable hydrogen isotope ratios of methoxyl Groups in Eifel (Germany) maar deposits: a potential palaeotemperature proxy. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.

174. Björklund JA, Gunnarson BE, Seftigen K, Esper J, Linderholm HW (in review) Is blue intensity ready to replace maximum latewood density as a strong temperature proxy? A tree-ring case study on Scots pine from Northern Sweden. Climate of the Past.

173. Büntgen U, Tegel M, Kaplan JO,Schaub M, Hagedorn F, Bürgi M, Brázdil R, Helle G, Career M, Heussner KU, Hoffmann J, Kontic R, Kyncl T, Kyncl J, Camarero JJ, Tinner W, Esper J, Liebhold A (in review) Placing the late 20th century fir decline in a European-wide and Holocene-long context. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

172. Cuenca J, Schneider L, Konter O, Düthorn E, Esper J, Patón D (in review) Dendrochronological comparison of Castanea sativa Mill. and Quercus pyrenaica Willd. in Southwest Spain. TRACE.

171. Düthorn E, Lindén J, Timonen M, Gläser S, Esper J (in review) Heterogeneity in the climate signal strength of Pinus sylvestris tree-ring chronologies in Southern Finland. TRACE.

170. Edwards R, McConnell JR, Bisiaux M, Pasteris D, Sterle K, Banta R, Lawler M, Saltzman E, Taylor K, Zender C, Frank D, Esper J, Goodwin I (in review) Southern Hemisphere fire emissions greater during medieval period than present. Nature.

169.. Esper J, Düthorn E, Krusic P, Timonen M, Büntgen U (in review) Northern European summer temperature variations over the Common Era from integrated tree-ring density records. Journal of Quaternary Science.

168. Frank DC, Poulter B, Saurer M, Esper J, et al. (in review) Water use efficiency and transpiration across European forests during the Anthropocene. Nature.

167. Gleeson E, Franke J, Trouet V, Büntgen U, Esper J, Villalba R, Frank D (in review) Hydroclimatic variations in the upper Rio Santa Cruz Basin, Patagonia, Argentina. Journal of Hydrometeorology.

166. Schneider L, Smerdon J, Büntgen U, Myglan VS, Esper J (in review) Timing and duration of post-volcanic Northern Hemisphere cooling revealed from tree-ring records of maximum latewood density. TRACE.

165. Stantscheva M, Esper J, Keppler F, Greule M, Werner W (in review) δ2H, δ13C and δ18O from whole wood, α-cellulose  and lignin methoxyl groups in Pinus sylvestris: a multi-parameter approach. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.

164. Treydte K, Carnelli AL, Kamenik C, Filot M, Leuenberger M, Ammann B, Esper J (in review) Climate signals in tree ring parameters from an alpine site in the Engadin (Swiss Alps). Trees.

2014

163. Büntgen U, Wacker L, Nicolussi K, Sigl M, Güttler D, Tegel W, Krusic PJ, Esper J (in press) Using the AD 775 solar event to validate climate reconstructions. Nature Climate Change.

162. Hartl-Meier C, Zang C, Dittmar C, Esper J, Göttlein A, Rothe A (in press) Vulnerability of Norway spruce to climate change in mountain forests of the European Alps. Climate Research, doi: 10.3354/cr01226.

161. Holland HA, Schöne BR, Lipowsky C, Esper J (in press) Decadal climate variability of the North Sea during the last millennium reconstructed from bivalve shells (Arctica islandica). The Holocene.

160. Konter O, Holzkämper S, Helle G, Büntgen U, Esper J (in press) Climate sensitivity and parameter coherency in annually resolved δ13C and δ18O from Pinus uncinata tree-ring data in the Spanish Pyrenees. Chemical Geology.

159. Riechelmann DFC, Maus M, Dindorf W, Schöne B, Scholz D, Esper J (in press) Sensitivity of whole wood stable carbon and oxygen istotope values to milling procedures. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry.

2013

158. Briffa KR, Melvin TM, Osborn TJ, Hantemirov RM, Kirdyanov AV, Mazepa VS, Shiyatov SG, Esper J (2013) Reassessing the evidence for tree-growth and inferred temperature change during the Common Era in Yamalia, Northwest Siberia. Quaternary Science Reviews 72, 83-107. (Briffa_2013_QSR.pdf)

157. Büntgen U, Kyncl T, Ginzler C, Jacks DS, Esper J, Tegel W, Heussner KU, Kyncl J (2013) Filling the Eastern European gap in millennium-long temperature reconstructions. PNAS 5, 1773-1778. (Buentgen_2013_PNAS.pdf) (Buentgen_2013_PNAS_sup.pdf)

156. Düthorn E, Holzkämper S, Timonen M, Esper J (2013) Influence of micro-site conditions on tree-ring climate signals and trends in Central and Northern Sweden. Trees, doi: 10.1007/s00468-013-0887-8. (Düthorn_2013_Trees.pdf)

155. Esper J, Büntgen U, Luterbacher J, Krusic P (2013) Testing the hypothesis of post-volcanic missing rings in temperature sensitive dendrochronological data. Dendrochronologia 13, 216-222. (Esper_2013_Den.pdf)

154.Esper J, Schneider L, Krusic PJ, Luterbacher J, Büntgen U, Timonen M, Sirocko F, Zorita E (2013) European summer temperature response to annually dated volcanic eruptions over the past nine centuries. Bulletin of Volcanology 75, 736, doi: 10.1007/s00445-013-0736-z. (Esper_2013_BullVol.pdf) (Esper_2013_BullVol_sup.pdf)

153. Foley SF, Gronenborg D, Andreae MO, Kadereit JW, Esper J, Scholz D, Pöschl U, Jacob DE, Schöne BR, Schreg R, Vött A, Jordan D, Lelieveld J, Weller CG, Alt KW, Gaudzinski-Windheuser S, Bruhn KC, Sirocko F, Crutzen PJ (in press) The Palaeoanthropocene – the beginnings of anthropogenic environmental change. Anthropocene.

152. Franke J, Frank DC, Raible CC, Esper J (2013) Spectral biases in tree-ring climate proxies. Nature Climate Change 3, 360-364. (Franke_2013_NatureCC.pdf) (Franke_2013_NatureCC_sup.pdf)

151. Konter O, Holzkämper S, Helle G, Büntgen U, Esper J (2013) Trends and signals in decadally resolved carbon isotopes from the Spanish Pyrenees. In: Helle G et al. (Eds.) Tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology. TRACE 11, 78-84. (Konter_2013_Trace.pdf)

150. PAGES 2k Consortium (2013) Continental-scale temperature variability over the Common Era. Nature Geoscience 6, 339-346. (Pages_2013_NatureGeo.pdf) (Pages_2013_NatureGeo_sup.pdf)

149. Riechelmann DFC, Schmidhalter M, Büntgen U, Esper J (2013) Extending the high elevation larch ring width chronology from the Simplon region in the Swiss Alps over the past millennium. In: Helle G et al. (Eds.) Tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology. TRACE 11, 103-107. (Riechelmann_2013_Trace.pdf)

148. Schneider L, Esper J, Timonen M, Büntgen U (2013) Detection and evaluation of an early divergence problem in Northern Fennoscandian tree-ring data. Oikos.

147. Stantscheva M, Esper J, Werner W (2013) Do stable oxygen isotopes from Pinus sylvestris reveal different water sources in Central Germany? In: Helle G et al. (Eds.) Tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology. TRACE 11, 88-92. (Stantscheva_2013_Trace.pdf)

146. Wassenburg JA, Immenhauser A, Richter DK, Niedermayr A, Fietzke J, Scholz D, Jochum KP, Fohlmeister J, Schröder-Ritzrau A, Sabaoui A, Riechelmann DFC, Schneider L, Esper J (2013) Moroccon speleothem and tree-ring records suggest a variable positive state of the North Atlantic oscillation during the Medieval Warm Period. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 291-302. (Wassenburg_2013_EPSL.pdf)

145. Yuan Y, Zhang T, Wei W, Nievergelt D, Verstege A, Yu S, Zhang R, Esper J (2013)Development of tree-ring maximum latewood density chronologies for the Western Tien Shan Mountains, China: Influence of detrending method and climate response. Dendrochronologia 31, 192-197. (Yuan_2013_Den.pdf)

2012

144. Anschukaitis KJ, Breitenmoser P, Briffa KR, Buchwal A, Büntgen U, Cook ER, D’Arrigo RD, Esper J, Evans MN, Frank D, Grudd H, Gunnarson B, Hughes MK, Kirdyanov AV, Koerner C, Krusic PJ, Luckman B, Melvin TM, Salzer MW, Shashkin AV, Timmreck C, Vaganov EA, Wilson RJS (2012) Tree rings and volcanic cooling. Nature Geoscience 5, 836-837. (Anchukaitis_2012_Geoscienc.pdf)

143. Büntgen U, Ginzler C, Esper J, Tegel W, McMichael AJ (2012) Digitizing historical plague. Clinical Infectious Diseases 55, 1586-1588. (Buentgen_2012_CID.pdf)

142. Büntgen U, Neuschwander T, Frank D, Esper J (2012) Fading temperature sensitivity of Alpine tree growth at its Mediterranean margin and associated effects on large-scale climate reconstructions. Climatic Change 114, 651-666. (Buentgen_2012_CC.pdf)

141. Esper J, Benz M, Pederson N (2012) Influence of wood harvest on tree-ring time-series of Picea abies in a temperate forest. Forest Ecology and Management 284, 86-92. (Esper_2012_ForEcoMan.pdf)

140. Esper J, Büntgen U, Timonen M, Frank DC (2012) Variability and extremes of Northern Scandinavian summer temperatures over the past two millennia. Global and Planetary Change 88-89, 1-9. (Esper_2012_GPC.pdf)

139. Esper J, Frank DC, Timonen M, Zorita E, Wilson RJS, Luterbacher J, Holzkämper S, Fischer N, Wagner S, Nievergelt D, Verstege A, Büntgen U (2012) Orbital forcing of tree-ring data. Nature Climate Change 2, 862-866. (Esper_2012_NatureCC.pdf) (Data) (Description) (N-Scan) (Pithoffset)

138. Holzkämper S, Tillmann PK, Kuhry P, Esper J (2012) Comparison of stable carbon and oxygen isotopes in Picea glauca tree rings and Sphagnum fuscum moss remains from subarctic Canada. Quaternary Research 78, 295-302. (Holzkaemper_2012_QR.pdf)

137. Luterbacher J, Garcia-Herrera R, Allan R, Alvarez-Castro BG, Benito G, Booth J, Büntgen U, Colombaroli D, Davis B, Esper J, Felis T, Fleitmann D, Frank D, Gallego D, Gonzalez-Rouco FJ, Goosse H, Kiefer T, Macklin MG, Montagna P, Newman L, Rath V, Ribera P, Roberts N, Silenzi S, Tinner W, Valero-Garces B, van der Schrier G, Vanniere B, Wanner H, Werner JP, Willett G, Xoplaki E, Zerefos CS, Zorita E (2012) A review of 2000 years of paleoclimatic evidence in the Mediterranean. In: Lionello, P. (Ed.) The climate of the Mediterranean region: From the Past to the Future. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 87-185. (Luterbacher_2012_MedClivar.pdf)

136. Trachsel M, Kamenik C, Grosjean M, McCarroll D, Moberg A, Brazdil R, Büntgen U, Dobrovolny P, Esper J, Frank DC, Friedrich M, Glaser R, Larocque-Tobler I, Nicolussi K, Riemann D (2012) Multi-archive summer temperature reconstruction for the European Alps, AD 1053-1996. Quaternary Science Reviews 46, 66-79. (Trachsel_2012_QSR.pdf)

2011

135. Ahmed M, Palmer J, Khan N, Wahab M, Fenwick P, Esper J, Cook E (2011) The dendroclimatic potential of conifers from Northern Pakistan. Dendrochronologia 29, 77-88. (Ahmed_2011_Dendro.pdf)

134. Bontemps JD, Esper J (2011) Statistical modelling and RCS detrending methods provide similar estimates of long-term trends in radial growth of common beech in North-Eastern France. Dendrochronologia 29, 99-107. (Bontemps_2011_Dendro.pdf)

133. Büntgen U, Raible CC, Frank D, Samuli H, Cunningham L, Hofer D, Nievergelt D, Verstege A, Timonen M, Stenseth NC, Esper J (2011) Causes and consequences of past and projected Scandinavian summer temperatures, 500-2100 AD. PLoS ONE 6(9), doi: 10.1371/journal.phone.0025133. (Buentgen_2011_PLOS1.pdf)

132. Büntgen U, Tegel W, Nicolussi K, McCormick M, Frank D, Trouet V, Kaplan JO, Herzig F, Heussner K-U, Wanner H, Luterbacher J, Esper J (2011) European climate variability and human susceptibility over the past 2500 years. Science 331, 578-582. (Buentgen_2011_Science.pdf)

2010

131. Affolter PN, Büntgen U, Esper J, Rigling A, Weber P, Luterbacher J, Frank D (2010) Inner Alpine conifer response to 20th century drought swings. European Journal of Forest Research 129, 289-298. (Affolter_2010_EJFR.pdf)

130. Babst F, Esper J, Parlow E (2010) Landsat TM/ETM+ and tree-ring based assessment of spatiotemporal patterns of the autumnal moth (Epirrita autumnata) in Northernmost Fennoscandia. Remote Sensing of Environment 114, 637-646. (Babst_2010_RSoE.pdf)

129. Babst F, Frank DC, Parlow E, Esper J (2010) Age and susceptibility of Fennoscandian mountain birch (Betula pubescens) towards insect outbreaks. In: Levanic T et al. (Eds.) Tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology. TRACE 8, 26-32. (Babst_2010_Trace.pdf)

128. Battipaglia G, Frank D, Büntgen U, Dobrovolny P, Brazdil R, Pfister C, Esper J (2010) Five centuries of Central European temperature extremes reconstructed from tree-ring density and documentary evidence. Global and Planetary Change 72, 182-191. (Battipaglia_2010_GPC.pdf)

127. Büntgen U, Franke J, Wilson R, González-Rouco F, Esper J (2010) Assessing the spatial signature of European climate reconstructions. Climate Research 41, 125-130. (Buentgen_2010_CR.pdf)

126. Büntgen U, Frank DC, Trouet V, Esper J (2010) Diverse climate sensitivity of Mediterranean tree-ring width and density. Trees 24, 261-273. (Buentgen_2010_Trees.pdf)

125. Büntgen U, Trouet V, Frank D, Leuschner HH, Friedrichs D, Luterbacher J, Esper J (2010) Tree-ring indicators of German summer drought over the last millenium. Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 1005-1016. (Buentgen_2010_QSR.pdf)

124. Esper J, Frank DC, Battipaglia G, Büntgen U, Holert C, Treydte K, Siegwolf R, Saurer M (2010) Low-frequency noise in ð13C and ð18O tree ring data: A case study of Pinus uncinata in the Spanish Pyrenees. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 24, doi:10.1029/2010GB0037772. (Esper_2010_GBC.pdf) (Esper_2010_GBC_sup.pdf)

123. Esper J, Frank DC, Büntgen U, Verstege A, Hantemirov RM, Kirdyanov AV (2010) Trends and uncertainties in Siberian indicators of 20th century warming. Global Change Biology 16, 386-398. (Esper_2010_GCB.pdf) (Esper_2010_GCB_sup.pdf)

122. Frank DC, Esper J, Raible CC, Büntgen U, Trouet V, Joos F (2010) Ensemble reconstruction constraints of the global carbon cycle sensitivity to climate. Nature 463, 527-530. (Frank_2010_Nature.pdf) (Frank_2010_Nature_sup.pdf)

121. Frank D, Esper J, Zorita E, Wilson RJS (2010) A noodle, hockey stick, and spaghetti plate: a perspective on high-resolution paleoclimatology. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews on Climate Change 1, 507-516. (Frank_2010_Wiley.pdf)

120. Galle A, Esper J, Feller U, Ribas-Carbo M, Fonti P (2010) Responses of wood anatomy and carbon isotope composition of Quercus pubescens saplings subjected to two consecutive years of summer drought. Annals of Forest Science 67, doi: 10.1051/forest/2010045. (Galle_AnnForSci_2010.pdf)

119. Johnson DM, Büntgen U, Frank DC, Kausrud K, Haynes KJ, Liebhold AM, Esper J, Stenseth NC (2010) Climatic warming disrupts recurrent Alpine insect outbreaks. PNAS 47, 20576-20581. (Johnson_2010_PNAS.pdf)

118. Kausrud KL, Begon M, Ari TB, Viljugrein H, Esper J, Büntgen U, Leirs H, Junge C, Yang B, Yang M, Xu L, Stenseth NC (2010) Modeling the epidemiological history of plague in Central Asia: Palaeoclimatic forcing on a disease system over the past millenium. BMC Biology 8, doi: 10.1186/1741-7007-8-112. (Kausrud_2010_BMCBiology.pdf)

117. Kress A, Saurer M, Siegwolf RTW, Frank DC, Esper J, Bugmann H (2010) A 350 year drought reconstruction from Alpine tree-ring stable isotopes. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 24, doi: 10.1029/2009GB003613. (Kress_2010_GBC.pdf)

116. Moser L, Fonti P, Büntgen U, Esper J, Luterbacher J, Franzen J, Frank D (2010) Timing and duration of European larch growing season along an altitudinal gradient in the Swiss Alps. Tree Physiology 30, 225-233. (Moser_2010_TreePhys.pdf)

115. Neukom R, Luterbacher J, Villalba R, Küttel M, Frank D, Jones P, Grosjean M, Esper J, Lopez L, Wanner H (2010) Multi-centennial summer and winter precipitation variability in Southern South America. Geophysical Research Letters 37, doi: 10.1029/2010GL043680. (Neukom_2010_GRL.pdf)

114. Seim A, Treydte K, Büntgen U, Esper J, Fonti P, Haska H, Herzig W, Tegel W, Fraust D (2010) Exploring the potential of Pinus heldreichii CHRIST for long-term climate reconstruction in Albania. In: Levanic T et al. (Eds.) Tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology. TRACE 8, 75-82. (Seim_2010_Trace.pdf)

113. Trouet V, Esper J, Beeckman H (2010) Climate/growth relationships of Brachystegia spiciformis from the Miombo woodland in Southern Africa. Dendrochronologia 28, 161-171. (Trouet_2010_Dendro.pdf)

2009

112. Appenzeller C and 26 co-authors (2009) Klimaforschung. Variabilität, Vorhersagbarkeit und Risiken. NFS Klima booklet. Bern, 21pp.

111. Babst F, Frank D, Büntgen U, Nievergelt D, Esper J (2009) Effect of sample preparation and scanning resolution on the Blue Reflectance of Picea Abies. In: Kaczka R et al. (Eds.) Tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology. TRACE 7, 188-195.

110. Büntgen U, Frank DC, Liebhold A, Johnson D, Carrer M, Urbinati C, Grabner M, Nicolussi K, Levanic T, Esper J (2009) Three centuries of Alpine-wide insect outbreaks inferred from tree rings. New Phytologist 182, 929-941. (Buentgen_2009_NP.pdf) (Buentgen_2009_NP_sup.pdf)

109. Büntgen U, Frank DC, Carrer M, Urbinati C, Esper J (2009) Improving Alpine summer temperature reconstructions by increasing sample size. In: Kaczka R et al. (Eds.) Tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology. TRACE 7, 36-43.

108. Esper J, Frank DC (2009) Divergence pitfalls in tree-ring research. Climatic Change 94, 261-266. (Esper_2009_CC_PIT.pdf)

107. Esper J, Frank DC (2009) The IPCC on a heterogeneous Medieval Warm Period. Climatic Change 94, 267-273. (Esper_2009_CC_IPCC.pdf)

106. Esper J, Frank D, Büntgen U, Kirdyanov A (2009) Influence of pith offset on tree-ring chronology trend. In: Kaczka R et al. (Eds.) Tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology. TRACE 7, 205-210.

105. Esper J, Krusic P, Peters K, Frank D (2009) Exploration of long-term growth changes using the tree-ring detrending program Spotty. Dendrochronologia 27, 75-82. (Esper_2009_Dendro.pdf)

104. Esper J, Frank D, Büntgen U, Verstege A, Hantemirov RM, Kirdyanov AV (2009) Trends and uncertainties in Siberian indicators of 20th century warming. In: McCarrol et al. (Eds.) Eurodendro 2009, Proceedings Volume, Calla Millor, Spain, 26-30 October 2009, 62.

103. Esper J, Frank D, Büntgen U, Battipaglia G, Franke J, Trouet V (2009) How to test for divergence in tree-ring timeseries? In: Young G, McCarroll D (Eds.) Millennium Milestone Meeting 3, Proceedings Volume, Mallorca, Spain, 3-5 March 2009, 112-113.

102. Frank D, Büntgen U, Esper J (2009) Comment on “Late 20th century growth acceleration in greek firs (Abies cephalonica) from Cephalonica Island, Greece: A CO² fertilization effect?”. Dendrochronologia 27, 223-227. (Frank_2009_DC.pdf)

101. Friedrichs D, Trouet V, Büntgen U, Frank DC, Esper J, Neuwirth B, Löffler J (2009) Twentieth century climate sensitivity of Central European tree species. Trees 23, 729-739. (Friedrichs_2009_Trees.pdf)

100. Fonti P, Treydte K, Osenstetter S, Frank D, Esper J (2009) Frequency-dependent signals in multi-centennial oak vessel data. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 275, 92-99. (Fonti_2009_PPP.pdf)

99. Hoffmann K, Büntgen U, Kyncl T, Brazdil R, Esper J (2009) On the potential of fir ring width data for summer drought reconstruction in Southern Moravia, Czech. In: Malik I et al. (Eds.) Tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology. TRACE 7, 57-63.

98. Jones P and 29 co-authors (2009) High-resolution paleoclimatology of the last millenium: a review of current status and future prospects. The Holocene 19, 3-49. (Jones_2009_Holocene.pdf)

97. Kress A, Saurer M, Siegwolf RTW, Frank DC, Esper J, Bugmann H (2009) Europe’s first stable carbon isotope-based drought reconstruction. In: McCarrol et al. (Eds.) Eurodendro 2009, Proceedings Volume, Calla Millor, Spain, 26-30 October 2009, 25.

96. Kress A, Saurer M, Büntgen U, Treydte K, Esper J, Siegwolf R (2009) High sensitivity of an Alpine larch isotope tree-ring series to temperature, precipitation, sunshine duration and cloudiness. In: Young G, McCarroll D (Eds.) Millennium Milestone Meeting 3, Proceedings Volume, Mallorca, Spain, 3-5 March 2009, 68-69.

95. Seim A, Treydte K, Fonti P, Herzig F, Tegel W, Haska H, Esper J, Faust D (2009) Albania – Potential of Pinus heldreichii Christ for long-term climate reconstruction. In: McCarrol et al. (Eds.) Eurodendro 2009, Proceedings Volume, Calla Millor, Spain, 26-30 October 2009, 90.

94. Treydte K, Frank DC, Saurer M, Helle G, Schleser G, Esper J (2009) Impact of climate and CO2 on a millennium-long tree-ring carbon isotope record. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73, 4635-4647. (Treydte_2009_GCA.pdf)

93. Trouet V, Esper J, Graham NE, Baker A, Scourse JD, Frank DC (2009) Persistent positive North Atlantic Oscillation mode dominated the Medieval Climate Anomaly. Science 324, 78-80. (Trouet_2009_Science.pdf) (Trouet_2009_Science_sup.pdf)

92. Yang B, Wang J, Bräuning A, Dong Z, Esper J (2009) Late Holocene climatic and environmental changes in arid central Asia. Quaternary International 194, 68-78. (Yang_2009_QI.pdf)

2008

91. Büntgen U, Esper J, Frank DC (2008) Wie reagieren Bäume auf Klimaveränderung? Ergebnisse dendroklimatologischer Untersuchungen. In: Dujesiefken D, Kockerbeck P (Eds.) Jahrbuch der Baumpflege 2008, 26-39. (Buentgen_2008_JfB.pdf)

90. Büntgen U, Frank DC, Barais Valle K, Bouriaud O, Esper J (2008) Climatic drivers of beech growth in the Vosges and Jura Mountains. In: Elferts D et al. (Eds.) Tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology. TRACE 6, 37-44.

89. Büntgen U, Frank D, Wilson R, Carrer M, Urbinati C, Esper J (2008) Testing for tree-ring divergence in the European Alps. Global Change Biology 14, 2443-2453. (Buentgen_2008_GCB.pdf)

88. Büntgen U, Frank DC, Brazdil R, Esper J (2008) Three centuries of Central European drought swings. In: Young G, McCarroll D (Eds.) European climate of the past millennium, Proceedings Volume, Calla Millor, Spain, 13-15 March 2008, 130-131.

87. Büntgen U, Frank DC, Grudd H, Esper J (2008) Long-term summer temperature variations in the Pyrenees. Climate Dynamics 31, 615-631. (Buentgen_2008_CD.pdf)

86. Büntgen U, Frank DC, Wilson R, Esper J (2008) A test for tree-ring divergence in the European Alps. In: Young G, McCarroll D (Eds.) European climate of the past millennium, Proceedings Volume, Calla Millor, Spain, 13-15 March 2008, 118-119.

85. Esper J, Niederer R, Bebi P, Frank DC (2008) Climate signal age effects – evidence from young and old trees in the Swiss Engadin. Forest Ecology and Management 255, 3783-3789. (Esper_2008_FEM.pdf)

84. Esper J, Niederer R, Luterbacher J, Büntgen U, Frank DC (2008) Calibration trails using very long instrumental and proxy data. In: Elferts D et al. (Eds.) Tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology. TRACE 6, 45-50.

83. Esper J, Frank D (2008) Spatial temperature heterogeneity over the past millennium. In: Young G, McCarroll D (Eds.) European climate of the past millennium, Proceedings Volume, Calla Millor, Spain, 13-15 March 2008, 138-139.

82. Frank D, Bouriaud O, Wilson R, Battipaglia G, Büntgen U, Fonti P, Treydte K, Trouet V, Esper J (2008) A challenge for spatially explicit reconstructions: the climate response of trees is a function of climate. In: Elferts D et al. (Eds.) Tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology. TRACE 6, 31-36.

81. Frank D, Büntgen U, Esper J, Battigpaglia G, Carrer M, Nicolussi K, Pichler T, Urbinati C (2008) Wavelength-dependent combination of tree-ring data from the European Alps. In: Young G, McCarroll D (Eds.) European climate of the past millennium, Proceedings Volume, Calla Millor, Spain, 13-15 March 2008, 124-125.

80. Friedrichs DA, Büntgen U, Frank DC, Esper J, Neuwirth B, Löffler J (2008) Complex climate controls on 20th century oak growth in Central-West Germany. Tree Physiology 29, 39-51. (Friedrichs_2008_TreePhys.pdf)

79. Raspopov OM, Dergachev VA, Esper J, Kozyreva OV, Frank D, Ogurtsov M, Kolström T, Shao X (2008) The influence of the de Vries solar cycle on climate variations: results from the Central Asian Mountains and their global link. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 259, 6-16. (Raspopov_2008_PPP.pdf)

78. Treydte K, et al. (2008) Climate signals in a European tree-ring isotope network. In: Young G, McCarroll D (Eds.) European climate of the past millennium, Proceedings Volume, Calla Millor, Spain, 13-15 March 2008, 136-137.

77. Trouet V, Esper J (2008) Contrasting long-term drought signals in proxy records from Northwestern Europe and the Mediterranean. In: Elferts D et al. (Eds.) Tree-rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology. TRACE 6, 51-56.

76. Trouet V, Esper J, Baker A, Frank D, Graham N (2008) A multi-proxy reconstruction of winter NAO variability since AD 1050. In: Young G, McCarroll D (Eds.) European climate of the past millennium, Proceedings Volume, Calla Millor, Spain, 13-15 March 2008, 116-117.

75. Yuan Y, Wei W, Esper J, Yu S, Zhang R (2008) Influence of sampling site and detrending method on correlations and climate signals of spruce tree-ring width chronologies at upper tree line in the Western Tianshan Mountains of Xinjiang. Journal of Desert Research 28, 809-815. (Yuan_2008_JDR.pdf)

74. Yuan Y, Esper J, Wei W, Nievergelt D, Verstege A, Yu S, Zhang R (2008) Development, correlation and climate signals of three spruce chronologies of tree-ring maximum densitiy from upper tree line in the Western Tianshan Mountains of Xinjiang. Arid Land Geography 31, 560-566. (Yuan_2008_AridLandGeo.pdf)

2007

73. Büntgen U, Esper J, Verstege A, Frank DC, Wilson RJS (2007) Climatic response of multiple tree-ring parameters from the Spanish central Pyrenees. In: Haneca K et al. (Eds.) Tree-rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology, TRACE, Vol. 5, 60-72.

72. Büntgen U, Frank DC, Kaczka RJ, Verstege A, Zwijacz-Kozica T, Esper J (2007) Growth/climate response of a multi-species tree-ring network in the Western Carpathian Tatra Mountains, Poland and Slovakia. Tree Physiology 27, 689-702. (Buentgen_2007_TreePhys.pdf)

71. Esper J, Büntgen U, Frank DC, Nievergelt D, Liebhold A (2007) 1200 years of regular outbreaks in alpine insects. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 274, 671-679. (Esper_2007_PRCB.pdf) (Esper_2007_PRCB_sup.pdf)

70. Esper J, Büntgen U, Frank DC, Pichler T, Nicolussi K (2007) Updating the Tyrol tree-ring dataset. In: Haneca K et al. (Eds.) Tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology, TRACE, Vol. 5, 80-85.

69. Esper J, Frank DC, Büntgen U, Verstege A, Luterbacher J, Xoplaki E (2007) Long-term drought severity variations in Morocco. Geophysical Research Letters 34, doi: 10.1029/2007GL030844. (Esper_2007_GRL.pdf) (Esper_2007_GRL_sup.pdf)

68. Esper J, Frank DC, Luterbacher J (2007) On selected issues and challenges in dendroclimatology. In: Kienast F et al. (Eds.) A changing world: challenges for landscape research, 113-132, Springer, Dordrecht. (Esper_2007_Land.pdf)

67. Esper J, Frank DC, Wilson RJS, Büntgen U, Treydte K (2007) Uniform growth trends among central Asian low and high elevation juniper tree sites. Trees 21, 141-150. (Esper_2007_Trees.pdf)

66. Frank D, Büntgen U, Böhm R, Maugeri M, Esper J (2007) Warmer early instrumental measurements versus colder reconstructed temperatures: shooting at a moving target. Quaternary Science Reviews 26, 3298-3310. (Frank_2007_QSR.pdf)

65. Frank D, Esper J, Cook ER (2007) Adjustment for proxy number and coherence in a large-scale temperature reconstruction. Geophysical Research Letters 34, doi: 10.1029/2007GL030571. (Frank_2007_GRL.pdf)

64. Frank D, Ovchinnikov D, Kirdyanov A, Esper J (2007) The potential for long-term climatic reconstructions in the central Altay mountains from living and relict larch. In: Haneca K et al. (Eds.) Tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology, TRACE, Vol. 5., 85-96.

63. Juckes MN, Allen MR, Briffa KR, Esper J, Hegerl GC, Moberg A, Osborn TJ, Weber SL (2007) Millennial temperature reconstruction intercomparison and evaluation. Climate of the Past 3, 591-609. (Juckes_2007_CP.pdf) (Juckes_2007_CP_sup.pdf)

62. Pourtahmasi K, Parsapajouh D, Bräuning A, Esper J, Schweingruber FH (2007) Climatic analysis of pointer years in tree-ring chronologies from Northern Iran and neighboring high mountain areas. Geoöko 28, 27-42. (Pourthamasi_2007_Geo.pdf)

61. Reynolds-Henne CE, Siegwolf RTW, Treydte KS, Esper J, Henne S, Saurer M (2007) Temporal stability of climate-isotope relationships in tree rings of oak and pine (Ticino, Switzerland). Global Biogeochemical Cycles 21, doi: 10.1029/2007GB002945. (Reynolds-Henne_2007_GBC.pdf)

60. Treydte K, Frank D, Esper J, et al. (2007) Signal strength and climate calibration of a European tree-ring isotope network. Geophysical Research Letters 34, doi: 10.1029/2007GL031106. (Treydte_2007_GRL.pdf)

59. Treydte K and 34 co-authors (2007) Climate signals in the European isotope network ISONET. In: Haneca et al. (Eds.) Tree-rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology, TRACE, Vol. 5. 138-147.

58. Wilson RJS, D’Arrigo R, Buckley B, Büntgen U, Esper J, Frank D, Luckman B, Payette S, Vose R, Youngblut D (2007) A matter of divergence: Tracking recent warming at hemispheric scales using tree-ring data. Journal of Geophysical Research 112, doi: 10.1029/2006JD008318. (Wilson_2007_JGR.pdf)

57. Yang B, Bräuning A, Zhang Z, Dong Z, Esper J (2007) Dust storm frequency and its relation to climate changes in Northern China during the past 1000 years. Atmospheric Environment 41, 9288-9299. (Yang_2007_AtmosEnv.pdf)

2006

56. Büntgen U, Esper J, Bellwald I, Kalbermatten H, Schmidhalter M, Freund H, Bellwald W, Neuwirth B (2006) 700 years of settlement and building history in the Lötschental/Valais. Erdkunde 60, 96-112. (Buentgen_2006_Erdkunde.pdf)

55. Büntgen U, Frank DC, Böhm R, Esper J (2006) Effect of uncertainty in instrumental data on reconstructed temperature amplitude for the European Alps. In: Heinrich I et al. (Eds.) Tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology, TRACE, Vol. 4, 38-45.

54. Büntgen U, Frank DC, Nievergelt D, Esper J (2006) Summer temperature variations in the European Alps, A.D. 755-2004. Journal of Climate 19, 5606-5623. (Buentgen_2006_JoC.pdf)

53. Büntgen U, Frank DC, Schmidhalter M, Neuwirth B, Seifert M, Esper J (2006) Growth/climate response shift in a long subalpine spruce chronology. Trees 20, 99-110. (Buentgen_2006_Trees.pdf)

52. Esper J, Büntgen U, Frank DC, Nievergelt D, Treydte K, Verstege A (2006) Multiple tree-ring parameters from Atlas cedar (Morocco) and their climatic signal. In: Heinrich I et al. (Eds.) Tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology, TRACE, Vol. 4, 46-55.

51. Esper J, Wilson JRS, Frank DC, Moberg A, Wanner H, Luterbacher H (2006) Strategies for improving large-scale temperature reconstructions In: Kulke E et al. (Eds.) Grenzwerte, Scientific Report, DGFG, 547-551.

50. Frank D, Esper J, Cook ER (2006) On variance adjustments in tree-ring chronology development. In: Heinrich I et al. (Eds.) Tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology, TRACE, Vol. 4, 56-66. (Frank_2006_TRACE.pdf)

49. Raible CC, Casty C, Luterbacher J, Pauling A, Esper J, Frank DC, Büntgen U, Roesch AC, Tschuck P, Wild M, Vidale PL, Schär C, Wanner H (2006) Climate variability – observations, reconstructions and model simulations for the Atlantic-European and Alpine region from 1500-2100 AD. Climatic Change 79, 9-29. (Raible_2006_CC.pdf)

48. Raspopov OM, Dergachev V, Esper J, Kölstrom T (2006) Long-term climatic variations in Central Asia and de Vries solar cycle. Pages News 14, 24-25.

47. Stenseth NC, Samia NI, Viljugrein H, Kausrud KL, Begon M, Davis S, Leirs H, Dubyanskiy VM, Esper J, Ageyev VS, Klassovskiy NL, Pole SB, Chan KS (2006) Plague dynamics are driven by climate variation. PNAS 103, 13110-13115. (Stenseth_2006_PNAS.pdf)

46. Tan M, Baker A, Genty D, Smith C, Esper J, Cai B (2006) Applications of stalagmite laminae to paleoclimate reconstructions: comparison with dendrochronology/climatology. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 2103-2117. (Tan_2006_QSR.pdf)

45. Treydte K, Schleser GH, Helle G, Frank DC, Winiger M, Haug GH, Esper J (2006) The twentieth century was the wettest period in Northern Pakistan over the past millennium. Nature 440, 1179-1182. (Treydte_2006_Nature.pdf)

44. Treydte K and 33 co-authors (2006) The European isotope network ISONET – first results. In: Heinrich I et al. (Eds.) Tree-rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology, TRACE, Vol. 4, 273-280.

2005

43. Büntgen U, Esper J, Frank DC, Nicolussi K, Schmidhalter M (2005) A 1052-year tree-ring proxy for Alpine summer temperatures. Climate Dynamics 25, 141-153. (Buentgen_2005_CD.pdf)

42. Büntgen U, Esper J, Frank DC, Treydte K, Schmidhalter M, Nicolussi K, Seifert M (2005) The effect of power transformation on RCS – evidence from three millennial-length alpine chronologies. In: Gärtner et al. (Eds.) Proceedings volume. International conference tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology, April 22-24, 2004, Birmensdorf, Switzerland. Environment 53, Jülich, 141-149.

41. Carnelli AL, Ammann B, Esper J, Filot M, Leuenberger M, Treydte K (2005) Stable isotope ratios in late wood of Picea abies from the Engadine. In: Gärtner et al. (Eds.) Proceedings volume. International conference tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology, April 22-24, 2004, Birmensdorf, Switzerland. Evironment 53, Jülich, 112-116.

40. Casty C, Wanner H, Luterbacher J, Esper J, Böhm R (2005) Temperature and precipitation variability in the European Alps since 1500. International Journal of Climatology 25, 1855-1880. (Casty_2005_IJC.pdf)

39. Esper J, Frank DC, Wilson RJS, Briffa KR (2005) Effect of scaling and regression on reconstructed temperature amplitude for the past millennium. Geophysical Research Letters 32, doi: 10.1029/2004GL021236. (Esper_2005_GRL.pdf)

38. Esper J, Frank DC, Büntgen U, Treydte K (2005) Jahrringe – Von den Alpen zur Nordhemisphäre. In: NFS Klima (Ed.) Boxenstopp. Tagungsband (Bern, May 18, 2005) 47-50.

37. Esper J, Wilson RJS, Frank DC, Moberg A, Wanner H, Luterbacher J (2005) Climate: past ranges and future changes. Quaternary Science Reviews 24, 2164-2166. (Esper_2005_QSR.pdf)

36. Frank D, Esper J (2005) Characterization and climate response patterns of a high-elevation, multi-species tree-ring network for the European Alps. Dendrochronologia 22, 107-121.

35. Frank D, Esper J (2005) Temperature reconstructions and comparisons with instrumental data from a tree-ring network for the European Alps. International Journal of Climatology 25, 1437-1454. (Frank_2005_IJC.pdf)

34. Frank D, Wilson RJS, Esper J (2005) Synchronous variability changes in alpine temperature and tree-ring data over the last two centuries. Boreas 34, 498-505. (Frank_2005_Boreas.pdf)

33. Gärtner H, Esper J, Schleser G (Eds.) (2005) Proceedings volume. International conference tree-rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology, April 22-24, 2004, Birmensdorf, Switzerland. Environment 53, Jülich, 176 pp. (order)

32. Wilson RJS, Frank DC, Topham J, Nicolussi K, Esper J (2005) Problems and opportunities for the spatial reconstruction of summer temperatures in Central Europe. Boreas 34, 490-497. (Wilson_2005_Boreas.pdf)

31. Wilson RJS, Luckman BH, Esper J (2005) A 500-year dendroclimatic reconstruction of spring-summer precipitation from the lower Bavarian forest region, Germany. International Journal of Climatology 25, 611-630. (Wilson_2005_IJC.pdf)

2004

30. Büntgen U, Esper J, Schmidhalter M, Frank DC, Treydte K, Neuwirth B, Winiger M (2004) Using recent and historical larch wood to build a 1300-year Valais-chronology. In: Jansma E et al. (Eds.) Proceedings International Conference TRACE (Utrecht, May 1-3, 2003) 85-93.

29. Cherubini P, Gärtner H, Esper J, Kaennel Dobbertin M, Kaiser KF, Rigling A, Treydte K, Zimmermann N, Bräker OU (2004) Jahrringe als Archive für interdisziplinäre Umweltforschung. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen 155, 162-168. (Cherubini_2004_SZF.pdf)

28. Cook ER, Esper J, D’Arrigo R (2004) Extra-tropical Northern Hemisphere temperature variability over the past 1000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews 23, 2063-2074. (Cook_2004_QSR.pdf)

27. Esper J (2004) Palaeoclimate and global change using proxy data. Habilitation Thesis, University of Bern.

26. Esper J, Frank DC, Wilson RJS (2004) Climate reconstructions: low frequency ambition and high frequency ratification. EOS 85, 113-130.

25. Esper J, Schweingruber FH (2004) Large-scale treeline changes recorded in Siberia. Geophysical Research Letters 31, doi: 10.1029/2003GL019178. (Esper_2004_GRL.pdf)

24. Esper J, Treydte K, Frank D, Gärtner H, Büntgen U (2004) Klimavariationen und Jahrringe. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen 155, 213-221. (Esper_2004_SZF.pdf)

23. Frank D, Esper J, Büntgen U, Treydte K (2004) The first principal component of a high elevation ring-width network from the Western and Central Alps. In: Jansma E et al. (Eds.) Proceedings International Conference TRACE (Utrecht, May 1-3, 2003) 54-57.

22. Gärtner H, Esper J, Rigling A, Treydte K, Cherubini P (2004) Geomorphologie und Jahrringe – Feldmethoden in der Dendrogeomorphologie. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen 155, 198-207. (Gaertner_2004_SZF.pdf)

21. Neuwirth B, Esper J, Schweingruber FH, Winiger M (2004) Site ecological differences to the climatic forcing of spruce pointer years from the Lötschental, Switzerland. Dendrochronologia 21, 69-78. (Neuwirth_2004_Dendro.pdf)

20. Treydte K, Esper J, Gärtner H (2004) Stabile Isotope und Dendroklimatologie. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen 155, 222-232. (Treydte_2004_SZF.pdf)

19. Treydte K, Welscher C, Schleser GH, Helle G, Esper J, Winiger M, Frank DC, Büntgen U (2004) The climatic signal in oxygen isotopes of junipers at the lower timberline in the Karakorum, Pakistan. In: Jansma E et al. (Eds.) Proceedings International Conference TRACE (Utrecht, May 1-3, 2003) 100-106.

18. Verstege A, Esper J, Neuwirth B, Alifriqui M, Frank D (2004) On the potential of cedar forests in the Middle Atlas (Morocco) for climate reconstructions. In: Jansma E et al. (Eds.) Proceedings International Conference TRACE (Utrecht, May 1-3, 2003) 78-84.

17. Wilson RJS, Esper J, Luckman BH (2004) Utilizing historical tree-ring data for dendroclimatology: a case study from the Bavarian Forest, Germany. Dendrochronologia 21, 53-68. (Wilson_2004_Dendro.pdf)

2003

16. Büntgen U, Frank D, Esper J (2003) A detailed view on instrumental temperature data from Northern Eurasia. In: Schleser G et al. (Eds.) Proceedings Dendrosymposium 2002 (Bonn, April 11-13, 2002) 28-34.

15. Esper J, Cook ER, Krusic PJ, Peters K, Schweingruber FH (2003) Tests of the RCS method for preserving low-frequency variability in long tree-ring chronologies. Tree-Ring Research 59, 81-98. (Esper_2003_TRR.pdf)

14. Esper J, Shiyatov SG, Mazepa VS, Wilson RJS, Graybill DA, Funkhouser G (2003) Temperature-sensitive Tien Shan tree-ring chronologies show multi-centennial growth trends. Climate Dynamics 8, 699-706. (Esper_2003_CD.pdf)

13. Esper J (2003) A millennium-long temperature reconstruction from the Tien Shan Mountains, Kirghizia. In: Schleser G et al. (Eds.) Proceedings Dendrosymposium 2002 (Bonn, April 11-13, 2002) 47.

2002

12. Esper J, Cook ER, Schweingruber FH (2002) Low-frequency signals in long tree-ring chronologies and the reconstruction of past temperature variability. Science 295, 2250-2253. (Esper_2002_Science.pdf)

11. Esper J, Schweingruber FH, Winiger M (2002) 1,300 years of climate history for Western Central Asia inferred from tree-rings. The Holocene 12, 267-277. (Esper_2002_Holocene.pdf)

10. Mann ME, Hughes MK, Cook ER, Esper J (2002) Tree-ring chronologies and climate variability, Science 296, 848-849. (Mann_2002_Science.pdf)

2001

9. Esper J, Neuwirth B, Treydte K (2001) A new parameter to evaluate temporal signal strength of tree-ring chronologies. Dendrochronologia 19, 93-102. (Esper_2001_Dendro.pdf)

8. Esper J, Gärtner H (2001) Interpretation of tree-ring chronologies. Erdkunde 55, 277-287. (Esper_2001_Erdkunde.pdf)

7. Esper J, Treydte K, Gärtner H, Neuwirth B (2001) A tree-ring reconstruction of climatic extreme years since AD1427 for Western Central Asia. Palaeobotanist 50, 141-152. (Esper_2001_Palaeobot.pdf)

6. Treydte K, Esper J, Helle G, Schleser GH, Welscher C, Winiger M (2001) Isotope proxies in tree-rings as climatic indicators: investigations at timberline sites in the Karakorum mountains (Northern Pakistan). International Conference Tree Rings and People, (Davos, September 22-26, 2001) 84.

< 2000

5. Esper J (2000) Long term tree-ring variations in junipers at the upper timberline in the Karakorum (Pakistan). The Holocene 10, 253-260. (Esper_2000_Holocene.pdf)

4. Esper J (2000) Paläoklimatische Untersuchungen an Jahrringen im Karakorum und Tien Shan Gebirge (Zentralasien). Bonner Geographische Abhandlungen 103, 137pp. (order)

3. Esper J (2000) Climate variability since AD618 in Western Central Asia inferred from tree-rings. International Conference on Dendrochronology for the Third Millennium (Mendoza, April 2-7, 2000) 122.

2. Esper J, Bosshard A, Schweingruber FH, Winiger M (1995) Tree-rings from the upper timberline in the Karakorum as climatic indicators for the last 1000 years. Dendrochronologia 13, 79-88. (Esper_1995_Dendro.pdf)

1. Esper J (1994) Versuch einer Klimarekonstruktion mit Hilfe der Dendrochronologie am Beispiel des Hunza-Tales im Karakorum. Diplomarbeit, Universität Bonn, 136pp.

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